In many parts of India, there is a significant imbalance in the sex ratio. In such parts, there are more no. of man as compared to the woman. This is simply because of the mentality that some people usually have about females in parts of India. Such people think that a girl child brings nothing but a burden on the family. This mentality of some people gave birth to problems such as the disempowerment of women. Women started facing discrimination in society. This is the reason why most of the women couldn’t even complete their education as well.
In such miserable conditions for women, there is a need for a scheme or yojana that can help them. For that various states and central government launch schemes from time to time. In this article, we are going to talk about one such scheme named the “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” scheme.
It is a very renowned scheme launched by the government of India for the welfare of girls in the country. It is a very important scheme for girls in the country. Therefore in this article, we are going to discuss various aspects related to this scheme. In this article, we will discuss the objectives of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana, schemes under this initiative, etc.
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Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme: Overview
The sentence “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” is in Hindi which means “Save the Girl Child, Educate the Girl Child” in English. For those who understand English, the objective of this scheme might be clear to them. This scheme is basically a pan India campaign and under this campaign, various small schemes are launched. Under this campaign and its schemes government of India is trying to create awareness for the welfare of girls in India.
For the past couple of decades, the sex ratio in India is continuously declining. In the year 2001, this ratio in India was 927 girls per 1,000 boys whereas in the year 2011 it dropped down to 918 girls for every 1,000 boys. At some particular places in the country, the situation was even worse. This is really an alarming situation and the right time to start a campaign like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP).
The BBBP scheme was launched on 22 January 2015 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This scheme is jointly run by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Women and Child Development, and the Ministry of Education. Through this scheme, authorities implement actions in multiple sectors for the welfare of girls. Initially, Shakshi Malik, the bronze medalist in Olympics 2016 was made the brand ambassador of this scheme.
Objectives of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
- The first and foremost objective of this scheme is to eradicate gender-based discrimination against the girl child.
- To provide education and ensure the empowerment of girls in the country.
- This scheme is a multi-sector scheme to improve the overall condition of girls in the country.
Schemes Launched Under the BBBP
As we have already discussed that BBBP is a pan India initiative. Under this program, the government has launched various schemes to support the girl child. So under this heading, we are going to talk about some schemes launched under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative.
1. Ladli Laxmi Yojana
The Ladli Laxmi Yojana is launched by the government of Madhya Pradesh with objectives similar to BBBP. Under this scheme, the Madhya Pradesh government provides some financial assistance to the girls in the state. This scheme mainly focuses on educating girls. After applying for this scheme if the girl is not married before the age of 18 then she receives nearly 1 Lakh rupees after turning 21. Apart from that government also provides a fixed amount of money every time when the girl is promoted to the higher class. For example, if the girl is promoted to 6th standard then she receives Rs.2,000/-.
2. Sukanya Samridhi Yojana
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is a small deposit scheme under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme. This scheme is to encourage the parents or guardians of the girl child to open a savings bank account in her name. This bank account can be open in all the major banks of the country. Parents or guardians can deposit a minimum of Rs. 250. in the Sukanya Samriddhi Account. Whereas the maximum deposit limit under this scheme is Rs. 1,50,000. The family of a girl child can open an account under this scheme before the girl turns 10. Currently, the interest rate under this scheme is 7.6%.
3. Dhanalakshmi scheme
Dhanalakshmi Scheme is also a girl child welfare scheme launched by the government of India. Under this scheme, the government provides insurance and education incentives to girls. The government provides initial cash of Rs. 5000 to the girls registered under this scheme and born after November 8, 2008. However, the government has now introduced some better and more attractive schemes than this one.
Benefits of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana
There are various benefits of the BBBP scheme. Some of its benefits are mentioned below:-
1. The ultimate objective of this scheme is to improve the sex ratio in the country. So if the authorities successfully achieve that target and improve the sex ratio then it will be better for the whole country altogether.
2. Under this scheme government plans to encourage the girls to complete their education. Education can really empower the girls in the country.
3. If the girls in the country are empowered then it will surely change society’s mentality towards them. This will help to end gender-based discrimination in the country.
4. Some schemes under BBBP not only help in educating the girl child but also provide some incentives for their marriages.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme is really a very good initiative by the government of India. If the schemes under this initiative are implemented correctly then it can really help to improve the situations in the country. So this was all about this scheme. We have tried to cover all the important points related to this scheme. If you like this article then feel free to share it because that is what keeps us motivated to create more such content.