Police Officer in India- How to Become One?

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Indian police service, there are many ways in which one can join the same. Either an eligible candidate can make an application for police courses after 12th or, based upon entries, can even make an application after the 10th. There are some courses that require only class 10th education for being eligible. Furthermore, every single state of India has its own police, and their rules and regulations are different. Even the selection criteria are different. Like there exists some of the higher level Post with the service where the recruitment is done through the central government vacancies like civil service examination.

In order to become an Indian Police Service officer or IPS, candidates are required to clear the CSE examination. Some of the other posts which one can make an application to for becoming a non-gazetted officer within the police department are,

  • Assistant sub-inspector
  • Inspector
  • Sub-inspector
  • Head constable
  • Constable
  • Clerk
  • Home guard, etc.

Almost every state has the above-mentioned non-gazette posts for the officers within the police department. For becoming an officer within the service, the only way is the civil service examination. This article will provide information about CSE and IPS examination, which one will be required to clear for joining the Indian police service as an officer.

Considering all of the above, this article has been prepared to provide a complete guide about how to become a police officer in India. Some essential points that have been covered include the selection process, educational qualifications for every vacancy, eligibility criteria, etc. Hopefully, by the end of this article, you will be able to clear all your doubts and get the requisite information to take a step ahead.

Police officer In India- How To Become One?

As discussed above, in order to become a police officer in the Indian police department, candidates are required to clear their CSE examinations. This examination is conducted by UPSC or Union Public Service Commission only once a year. This particular examination is for the purpose of selection of the Indian Administrative Service or IAS, Indian police service and also from the other high-level post, etc. Clearing the examination, one will get closer to fulfilling their dreams and get selected as a police officer in India. In order to know more, give a read ahead.

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IPS- Eligibility criteria

  • A Candidate is required for completing graduation from any of the streams from any of the government-recognized institutes/universities or the college.
  • The minimum age of the candidate for making an application is 21 years, and the maximum age for making an application is 32 years for general category Candidates.
  • Certain relaxation has been provided to the candidates belonging from other backward classes, scheduled castes/tribes, etc. For SC/ST, age relaxation is of 5 years, and for other backward classes, it is 3 years of relaxation.
  • The age limit criteria, it should be the same for all the candidates, i.e., male and female.
  • One should make sure to keep track of the official notification wherein the vacancy is released because the relaxation criteria, it keeps changing every single year.
  • The candidates are required to be medically and physically fit in every respect. Note that even a minor mistake within the medical examination or during the physical test, it can become a reason for the permanent rejection. So, make sure to apply if you feel you are ready.

IPS officer- Selection Process

The selection of the IPS officer is made through the civil service examination, which is conducted by UPSC. The process of selection continues in three to 4 phases that consist of,

  • Paper 1 written examination- Prelim exam
  • Paper 2 written examination- Mains exam
  • Interview or the Personality test

There are in total 2 written papers that one is required to clear. One of them is the examination that is completely objective while the other paper, i.e., mains exam, which is totally descriptive. Individually both of these papers are to be cleared, and the candidate will be allowed only for giving their Mains examination if they have cleared their preliminary examination. The given section is not easy, and one will be required to prepare very well in order to be selected. In India, there are many institutions that provide proper training as well as education for the CSE and IPS examination. One can easily join the institutes to get trained well.

Definitely, there are many candidates who easily clear the selection Phase without taking any coaching. In simple terms, it is totally upon you how you wish to prepare yourself. Just make sure to prepare well so as to achieve the dream and do not forget, competition is everywhere, and it is increasing with the passing time.

How To Become Police Inspector After 12th?

In order to join State Police Service or Indian police service, etc., there are many ways. So, if you want to know how to become sub inspector after 12th or SP/ASP, DSP, etc., give a read below. Some of the post names, together with the examination and the recruitment type, have been mentioned below for one to opt for.

  • In order to become SP/ASP, the eligibility is graduation, and one will be required to clear the IPS recruitment exam.
  • Order to become Assistant Commissioner or the DSP, the eligibility is graduation, and one will be required to clear the IPS recruitment exam.
  • In order to become Sub-inspector, the eligibility is graduation, and one will be required to clear the SSC (Staff Selection Commission) recruitment exam.
  • Order to become Assistant Sub-inspector, the eligibility is class 12th, and one will be required to clear the SSC (Staff Selection Commission) recruitment exam.
  • In order to become Police Head Constable, the eligibility is class 12th, and one will be required to clear the state-level examination.
  • In order to become Constable, the eligibility is class 12th, and one will be required to clear the state-level examination.

Indian Police Department- Salary/Payscale

Within the police department of India, salary is dependent upon varied factors, including duty timing, posting area, duty position and alike. The basic salary, it is the same, but there do exist many more allowances for the individuals. The below mentioned will provide a complete salary chart, the information of which has been collected using news sites, official websites, articles, etc.

  • SP/DSP- INR 70000 to INR 109203
  • DSP/Assistant Commissioner- INR 15600 to INR 39300
  • Circle inspector- INR 15600 to INR 39100
  • Sub-inspector/Assistant sub-inspector- INR 9300 to INR 34800
  • Head constable- INR 5200 to INR 20200
  • Police constable- INR 7000 to INR 22400

Various allowances are also provided to the police officers, the police constables, etc. The police officers get the government allotted free homes for staying. All of the expenses of the given villa are taken care of by the state government. Some of the Other allowances which the police officers receive during the service include,

  • Dearness allowance
  • Travel allowance
  • Medical facilities
  • Free ration availability for the employees and their family
  • Government quarter free stay, etc.

Many more facilities are also provided to them. Life being an IPS officer, it is great, and this job is also a very respectable one within the society. So, if it is your dream for getting such a post and you want to know how to become police inspector after 12, make sure to read this article properly and do not forget that competition is high for anyone who has been trying, and it will require a lot of hard work for beating the competition. So make sure to remain committed to your dream.


What is the educational qualification for becoming IPS?

The candidate will be required to have a graduate degree in any of the streams from any of the government-recognized universities or institutes in order to become eligible for applying to the vacancy.

How to become a police officer in India after 12th- Selection Procedure?

The candidates in order to get selected are required to clear the examination. They will be required to appear and to a written examination known as Preliminary examination and mains examination, etc. Once these examinations are done and cleared, the candidates will proceed with the personality test or the interview.

Is there any age limit for making an application for the job of IPS?

In order to apply, the candidate minimum age should be 21 years, and the maximum age should be 32 years in the case of general candidates. For other backward classes is the maximum age is 35 years, and for the scheduled caste and for the scheduled tribe, it is 37, etc.

IPS- what is the full form of it?

The full form of IPS is Indian Police Service.

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