What is CSIR? Details and Important Facts

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There are many important organizations in India but common people know very little about them. Such organizations contribute a lot to the country and always keep up the pride of India. In this article, we are going to discuss one such organization the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research popularly known as CSIR. This council holds a high reputation in India in the field of scientific research. They have contributed to the country’s development with various useful researches. This Council has labs and institutes located all over India which employ thousands of scientists and other employees.

Given the importance of this council, we should have knowledge about it. Therefore in this article, we will discuss what is CSIR? Its role and we will also have a glance at some of its achievements. Apart from that, we will discuss how people can get a job in this prestigious council. I am sure this article is going to be very informative for everyone and especially for those who are preparing for the government exams.

What is CSIR?

The full form of CSIR is the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. As it is very clear from its name that it is a council for scientific research in India, it is also the largest research and development organization in the country. It is an autonomous body having the prime minister of India as its president. The organization was established in the year 1942. CSIR conducts its research and development work in various fields such as environmental science, petroleum, ocean sciences, life sciences, etc.

CSIR also has a decent no. of labs and institutes all over the country. These institutes/labs include 38 laboratories/institutes, 5 units, 3 Innovation Centres, and 39 outreach centers all over India. This organization is also a very big employer, it employs a total of 4,600 scientists and 8,000 technical and support personnel in different facilities. This organization works as an autonomous organization and registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. CSIR receives its main funding from the central Ministry of Science and Technology.

This organization is very reputed because in the past few decades it has gathered a lot of knowledge base for the welfare of the country. In the year 2007 former union minister of science and technology, Kapil Sibal said in parliament that the CSIR has developed over 1300 technologies in the last decade of the ’90s.

CSIR also has a large no. of patents, if we take about international patents, then they have nearly 2971 patents in force on the international level. In India, they hold 1592 patents as their intellectual property. For those who don’t know what is a patent then it is a kind of intellectual property that is given to its actual owner. It means if you have an innovative product and you also hold its patent then you can exclude others from using, making, or selling it.

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Contributions of CSIR to India

CSIR contributes to India through its research and development related works. As we have already discussed how this organization has gathered a huge knowledge base in the last decade of the 20th century. We are mentioning some of the ways through which this organization makes its contribution to the development of India.

  • Firstly the CSIR provides India the most reliable research knowledge. Then this knowledge is used for the betterment of the country in developing technologies and products.
  • CSIR also provides assistance on various ongoing scientific researches on issues related to a particular industry and trade.
  • They also establish and manage new laboratories in the country for the betterment of research and development related work.
  • CSIR through its operations collects and spread the data relate to industries and research work.
  • To spread the information related to their research work CSIR also publish papers and journals.

CSIR achievements

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Achievements of CSIR

As an organization, the CSIR has achieved a lot. The CSIR works in various fields of science and industrial research, therefore they are also known as the largest organization of its kind in India. From the initial years of its establishment, CSIR has achieved a lot and has come a long way. And in the recent pandemic as well, they are helping the country with their knowledge and research work.

Their achievements are clearly visible to everybody with the no. patents they have. From the field of health to skill development they do their research work in every sector. We are mentioning some of the key achievements of CSIR below.

1. Energy

Recently CSIR developed the world’s largest solar tree in Durgapur, West Bengal. This solar tree was developed in cooperation with The Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI). The best part about this solar tree is that even after begin the largest solar tree it occupies less space.

Talking about the energy sector then the aviation industry is a very big consumer of energy. But since fossil fuels are running out so they need an alternative. Keeping that in mind, CSIR is ready with an effective biofuel for the aviation industry. They have successfully developed a process and catalyst to produce jet fuel. This fuel is based on non-edible oil such as jatropha oil. This process of its development can be paired with the current infrastructure of the refinery.

2. Waste Management

CSIR is working on a project related to plastic waste management in India. As you all that India is generating more plastic waste than ever before. There are mountains of plastic waste outside major cities and it takes along for the plastic to decompose. But CSIR has developed a solution to it. They have developed a simple way in which they can convert plastic waste into things like gasoline and aromatics.

3. Agriculture

CSIR is actively doing research in the agriculture field. This way they collect data from their research and share it with farmers to help them get better with their crop cultivation. Talking about some specific achievements then CSIR has developed a new variety of ashwagandha. This is a higher-yielding variety of the crop than the previous one.

As we all know that it takes a lot of time for a bamboo plant to flower. Many times it might take several years to flower a bamboo plant and after flowering, the plant dies. To serve a solution to this problem, in 1990 the scientists at CSIR used a technology called tissue culture technologies. With the help of this technology, scientists were able to flower the bamboo plant within weeks.

CSIR is also doing research in the inhabitable high altitude areas like parts of Lahaul and Spiti. There this organization is providing useful knowledge to the local people so that they can improve their crop cultivation there.

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4. Aerospace Technology

CSIR in partnership with IMD (Indian Metrological Department) has produced a transmissometer called Drishti. This system provides data to the aircraft pilots for the safe landing and take-off operations on the airports. Several of these systems have been installed on various Indian airports including some major ones to help the pilots.

The CSIR has also developed a Micro Air Vehicle Aerodynamics Research Tunnel (MART) at the CSIR-NAL campus in Bengaluru. This tunnel is jointly developed by CSIR with the department of science and technology and DRDO. The MART is used to test the Micro Air Vehicles in the 500 mm wingspan category.

How to get a Job at CSIR?

CSIR also offers great job opportunities for the science stream candidates. One of the most popular ways to get a job at CSIR institute is to clear the CSIR NET (also known as CSIR UGC NET) exam. This exam is conducted twice a year by the National Test Agency. By clearing the exam candidates can be awarded as Junior Research Fellowship (JRF).

Apart from that, the candidates who clear this exam are eligible to become a lecturer in the subject areas of Science and Technology. Talking about the eligibility age criteria then there is no upper age limit for the post of the lectureship. Whereas to apply for the Junior Research Fellow the maximum age of the candidate should be 28 years.

The candidates applying for the exam should have a degree in BTech/BE/BPharma/MBBS/BS (4 years)/Integrated BS-MS/MSc with minimum 55% marks. But you should also check the notification of the exam before applying to get the exact information.

Final Words

CSIR is a really great organization with a lot of pearls in its crown. It is a place where you might find one of the most brilliant minds of India in the field of science. It collaborates with various organizations like DRDO and IMD to come up with a new innovative solution. India really needs more such organizations to build a scientific temperament in the country. This way we will be able to attract more and more youth towards the field of research and development. So on that note, we will end this article here. If you like this article then feel free to share it because that’s is something that keeps us motivated to create more such informative content for you.

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